|1. Insertion of an intraosseous needle:
- What are the indications?
- What are the contraindications?
- Discuss the site, and layers through which the needle passes.
- What is the mechanism by which the drugs reach the bloodstream?
- Describe the blood supply to the bone.
- What are the complications of intraosseous needle insertion?
- What kind of drugs/fluids can we give and what kind can we not give?
2. Define jaundice.
- Describe the different types.
- What are the causes?
- Describe the pathway of bilirubin formation.
- Describe the problems associated with severely jaundiced patients.
3. Describe the methods for measuring oxygen concentration.
- Describe paramagnetic analysers and the Clark electrode in detail.
4. What is oxygen toxicity?
- Describe its effect on different systems.
- Discuss any limitations on the FiO2