The Primary ( ) and Final () FRCA examinations require an extensive knowledge of cardiovascular physiology. We have therefore written a new educational resource section on the subject of cardiovascular physiology and the measurement of cardiac output. The tutorials have been tailored to the FRCA syllabus and we have also added some past questions relevant to these topics.
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Primary FRCA Syllabus
Control of cardiac output.
Q. Primary Viva Question
How is cardiac output calculated? Explain the equation and its relevance to your anaesthetic goals.
Final FRCA Syllabus
Methods of measurement of cardiac output and derived indices; limitations and interpretation.
Q. Final Viva
What methods of measuring cardiac output are you aware of? Explain the principles involved.